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From the S. V a. C. Requena has an ancient tradition in the elaboration and conservation of wines

In the Requena countryside wine-making has taken place for more than 2000 years. There are pottery remains, structures such as the wine-press at Pilillas, and even grape seeds, that tell us that the Iberians produced and drank wine in the area from the seventh century BC, and has continued up to our times.

In 1265 King Alfonso X the Wise granted Requena its own charter in which it mentions the "vine-dressers" or vineyard wardens and "the importing alien wine" was expressly forbidden. In 1651 an "appraisal" of the vineyards was made, that is, an inventory of the land with details of the owner and size measured in number of peonadas, which was the amount of land a farm hand could cultivate in one day and which included 110 vines. Somehow, the divisions of bygone days still affects land distribution nowadays. There were no great properties in those days, bearing in mind that some 530 acres (214 hectares) were in the hands of 320 vine growers.

Until the 18th century the wine produced was enough for local demand, and it was from then on that it became more commercialized, being taken in the 19th century to the port of Grao in Valencia for export, a situation which was favoured by the fungal infection by Oidium of the French vineyards, a blight which was not particularly virulent in the Requena region. Up to 1912 it was free of the other great blight, Phylloxera. The local grape variety, Bobal, resisted the disease which was slow in propagating, allowing time for the vines stock to be replaced with American varieties resistant to the dreaded insect. The vine population was not affected. Some twenty years earlier, in 1897, a railway line was established which linked Valencia and Utiel which boosted the wine trade with the provincial capital.

The land and climate of Requena makes its wines very special, particularly the red and rosé ones made with the Bobal variety. Among the red grapes, the Tempranillo or Cencibel and the Garnacha. Among the white varieties the most frequent ones are the Macabeo and the Merseguera.

Many wineries open their doors to visitors to show them their history, facilities and above all their most precious asset: their wine.

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