Villages

You are here

Until the 18th century the rural population of the present term of Requena was not abundant, because most of the territory was devoted to pastures of grazing, in which there were scattered houses. In the surroundings of these houses were opening up agricultural land, dedicated to cereal or irrigation, where it was possible, and you were creating calls "work", estates of greater or lesser extent, belonging to well-to-do urban families and where working workers or tenants.

From the 18th century, with the growth of the population is going expanded the cultivated land and the existing villages are forming with concentrated population and abundant work and small hamlets scattered houses.

From the century 19th, after them confiscations, and especially with the massive planting of vine, in the second half of that century, the growth population of them villages was vertiginous until the middle of the century XX. At this time the city had about 8,500 inhabitants and the rural population reached the 12,000. But, the rural exodus which began in the second half of the 20th century has been emptying houses of work, some villages and hamlets and others declining.

Currently the population urban has grown, surpassing them 16,000 inhabitants in the city and the rural has low, exist in the 25 districts little more than 4,000 inhabitants, counting that in San Antonio is concentrated almost 2,000.

The inhabitants of the rural areas of Requena have been dedicated to rainfed agriculture mainly from cereals to the vine into this monoculture. There is that add a part dedicated to olive and almond trees, having is banished the cultivation of the cereal virtually today. The orchards that were very estimated by the production of vegetables, cereals, forages and legumes, are today abandoned by the scarce profitability.

Complement of the production agricultural was the livestock of sheep and goats and the beekeeping that from centuries practiced the transhumance to the Sierra of basin in summer and to regions Valencian more warm in winter. Important was the use of mountain villages located between pine forests, until the rural exodus began. Loggers, lenateros, tornilleros and Colliers had clean our mountains and earned, hard with this, their wages.

Within the dedicated to the agriculture existed different scales between which fits highlight them farmers landowners with servants permanent and day laborers to seasons. Medium property tenants that hired temporary workers. Small property farmers increased their income with beekeeping. Renteros that lived in work and paid to them masters its corresponding rented in species and them day laborers that could be permanent in a work or with a Squire and them laborers temporary that worked in pickups and in the time free in the use of the mount. The pastors could be owners, contracted in a work or in houses of landowners.

Share it

Site developed with Drupal